Burnout among psychiatry residents – The International Psychiatry Resident / Trainee Burnout Syndrome Study (BoSS)
Nikolina Jovanović1, Julian Beezhold2, Olivier Andlauer3, Martina Rojnić Kuzman1, Anja Podlešek4, Cecile Hanon5, Beate Schulze6
1 University Hospital Centre and School of Medicine, Psychiatric clinic, Kispaticeva 12, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
2 County Acute Service, Hellesdon Hospital, NWMHFT Norwich NR6 5BE, United Kingdom
3 University of Franche-Comté, CHU Saint-Jacques, Department of Psychiatry, 25000 Besançon, France
4 University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Department of Psychology, Askerceva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
5 EPS Erasme, 143 av Armand Guillebaud, 92160 Antony, France
6 University of Zurich, Research Unit for Clinical and Social Psychiatry, CH-8057 Zürich, Switzerland
Aim. To evaluate burnout syndrome and related factors among psychiatry residents in 24 countries worldwide. We report data from Croatia and France, the first two to complete the study.
Methods: The BoSS online questionnaire collects data on demographics, education, work circumstances, The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-GS), The Areas of Worklife Survey, The Patient Health Questionnaire and The Suicide Ideation and Behaviour Questionnaire.
Results: Study sample consists of 224 residents – 54 from Croatia (54% response rate) and 136 from France (34.1%). They both showed moderate level of burnout syndrome, while the Croats had significantly stronger feelings of professional efficacy. Being single, more weekly working hours and fewer vacation days, and higher workload significantly predicted higher emotional exhaustion and higher cynicism.
Conclusion. Our findings indicate moderate level of burnout among psychiatry residents and its strong association with inadequate working conditions.
Key words – Burnout, psychiatry, residents, trainees
Full text: Die Psychiatrie, 2009;6:1-5